Mikrotik should have a real internet IP to a certain interface. If it is located behind nat, the modem that provides internet access should be able to forward ipsec-esp packages. If your mikrotik is behind an internet modem that does not forward ipsec-esp, then you should stop here.
Your android smart phone must be in version 4 or newer in order to support L2TP/IPsec. The android client supports the following :
Authentication algorithm : sha1
Encryption algorithm : 3des
Diffie-Hellman : Group2 (modp1024)
Let’s start by creating a PPP Profile on mikrotik.
ppp profile add name=ipsec_vpn local-address=192.168.2.1 dns-server=18.104.22.168
On local-address= we assing an IP address that will appear as the default gateway for the VPN clients. A good hint is to find a network that it is not used. Then we have to activate the L2TP server of the mikrotik and bind it with a PPP Profile.
interface l2tp-server server set enabled=yes default-profile=ipsec_vpn authentication=mschap1,mschap2
Once the the L2TP server is activated , we have to define the peering of IPSec and also the default ipsec policy. WARNING : On newer RouterOS versions, generate-policy set to yes is not supported. On this case just use generate-policy=port-override
/ip ipsec policy set [ find default=yes ] src-address=0.0.0.0/0 dst-address=0.0.0.0/0 protocol=all proposal=default template=yes /ip ipsec peer add address=0.0.0.0/0 port=500 auth-method=pre-shared-key secret=123456 exchange-mode=main-l2tp send-initial-contact=no nat-traversal=yes proposal-check=obey hash-algorithm=sha1 enc-algorithm=3des dh-group=modp1024 generate-policy=yes
/ip ipsec policy set [ find default=yes ] src-address=0.0.0.0/0 dst-address=0.0.0.0/0 protocol=all proposal=default template=yes /ip ipsec peer add address=0.0.0.0/0 port=500 auth-method=pre-shared-key secret=123456 exchange-mode=main-l2tp send-initial-contact=no nat-traversal=yes proposal-check=obey hash-algorithm=sha1 enc-algorithm=3des dh-group=modp1024 generate-policy=port-override
On secret = you should define the pre-shared key that must match the pre-shared key of the client (android phone). After we defined the peering, we must make some changes on the default ipsec proposal.
ip ipsec proposal set default auth-algorithms=sha1 enc-algorithms=3des pfs-group=modp1024
To complete the configuration, we need to add a user.
ppp secret add name=user password=pass service=l2tp profile=ipsec_vpn remote-address=192.168.2.2
On user= we define the user name and the user password on password=. On remote-address= we define the desired IP address that will be assigned to the client.
Next steps :
If our mikrotik has real internet IP to an interface and we have enabled firewalling, we must allow the UDP ports : 500, UDP: 1701, UDP: 4500 and Protocol 50: ipsec-esp
For the android client, we must set the following :
Name : Home VPN
Type : L2TP/IPSec PSK
Server address : real ip address of mikrotik
IPSec pre-shared key : the value that you set as secret=